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An increasing surge of jobs in the banking sector

These days wherever you turn it is hard to avoid hearing people talk about the financial crisis and its implications. Almost all news items contain some links to it, and within employment issues the consequences are still very much felt. But has the recession had any impact on the way job seekers perceive working within banking or finance roles?

Despite the crisis people still seem to be very keen to work within banking or finance. Amongst the majority of the population it is safe to say that the reputation of banks has taken a hit, but amongst job seekers working for a bank or a financial institution remains very much desirable. Jobs for these companies are considered to be very prestigious as they still have the best technologies, the best systems and the best rewards compared to other sectors. Because of this the highest achievers still look to work for banks or financial institutions.

What else attracts people to work in finance or banking roles? Relative to other sectors these types of roles tend to have more responsibility and involve a lot of problem solving skills. Besides that they get a chance to work with people, there are opportunities to travel and to go out for meetings, and these roles also tend to offer possibilities for fast advancement. All these factors combined make these roles very challenging and interesting for the highest achievers.

So what has changed within the banking and finance sector? There seems to be a change in the expectations of employees that broadly run along the line of the generations. You could say that the employee profile is slowly evolving from what is called -Generation X’ to -Generation Y’. Within these generations the expectations they have of their employers are very different. Generation X will want to know -What is in it for me’, while Generation Y expects great workplace flexibility as well as wanting extremely fast progression and are less willing to work their way up slowly.

The profile of employees within the banking and finance sectors is changing, however this is due to a change in mentality that runs alongside the generations more than being caused by the financial crisis.

Reuben Dennis is a PRO with a leading service sector company and for more on London jobs she recommends you to visit

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Trade Days In Scottsboro, Alabama

Anyone looking for a good bargain should head to Scottsboro, Alabama for First Monday, the oldest trade day in the country. Other successful trade days in the region have been patterned after Scottsboros event. The giant trade and sale day is held monthly on the weekend before the first Monday. This popular Scottsboro tradition brings many visitors to town to check out a variety of merchandise set up around the Jackson County Courthouse Square.
The next First Monday Trade Day is scheduled for Labor Day Weekend, September 1-3, 2012. This is typically the largest sale weekend of the year, bringing thousands of people into Scottsboro. Sundays are usually the busiest days of the trade weekends, but Monday holidays are also big days. The remaining First Mondays scheduled for 2012 are September 29-October 1, November 3-5, and December 1-3.

The original trade day was held in 1902 and named Horse Swappers Day. It was advertised to be a day for people to come into town to buy or swap horses and mules. The concept was not an immediate success. It took nearly two years to really catch on with local citizens. Gradually, as more people acquired cars and horse trading lost its importance, the trade day was changed to a Market Day. Area farmers could bring produce, eggs, milk, and other farm products into town to sell. Farmers were allowed free advertising in the local newspaper for each scheduled Market Day. Eventually the monthly event evolved into a weekend to sell all types of merchandise.

Todays shoppers can expect to find antiques and collectibles, furniture, artwork, clothing and accessories, crafts, jewelry, baskets, plants, dishes, household items, toys, and food. The event has a fun, festival atmosphere. Everyone is looking to discover a great find or score a bargain. Some vendors have booths set up on all three days, and others are onsite for only one or two days. Mondays are usually the lightest sale days, as many vendors have full time jobs and are unable to stay. Most vendor booths are set up from dawn to dusk. Shoppers should come early for the best selection. There is no admission charge, and plenty of parking is available downtown.

Scottsboro is located in the scenic Tennessee River valley in northeast Alabama. It is approximately 40 miles east of Huntsville and about 20 miles west of I-59. The town is adjacent to beautiful Lake Guntersville, one of the states most popular recreational lakes.

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Trendy Trade Show Booths Attract Crowds

Trade show booths come in various styles and sizes to suit the marketing needs of different companies. These can be custom made, bought ready made or simply rented. Creative businesses like a custom made booth and spend hours creating the unique design to attract the public. After use, these booths stay in storage and are brushed up and used as and when required.

Many companies spend thousands of dollars to beat their competitors at the show. Marketing staff research and locate the best resources for building and renting a booth. Promotional experts are hired to ensure the show is a success. Everyone wants a booth that wows the visitors and attracts throngs of people, so they can introduce their new products and make business offers in a fruitful manner. When it is time to get organized for the trade show and your booth is found damaged in the store room, it is a good idea to rent one.

Whether you are going for a local or an international trade show, the rental companies offer a variety of options at an affordable price. You can rent the booth for a day or a week. The company will come out and set up the stall for you and take it down as well. They will take care of the lighting and connectivity issues as well. You can order as many tables, chairs, or sofas as you like. Marketing executives who like entertaining guests ask for a coffee set up, while many traders like a very luxurious booth so they can conduct on-the-spot business in a nice ambiance.

Using the proper colors for the booth will give you a corporate look and style so you can impress the public in an effective manner. Learn more about the latest features that you can add to your booth this year. Everyone wants to see something new all the time and being unique often helps attract crowds at the trade show booths.

Most rental companies are well aware of your industry and trade show booth requirements. They will use your company logo, graphics, and set up a video display for your promotional videos as per your instructions. Trade shows are a great way to get business partners, and if they can visit your booth and get the business message they want at a glance, it means you have done more than half of your job quite well.

You can get your booth designed and built by the company and they will store it for you at no extra cost. Anytime you want to enter an exposition, simply call them and they will set it up and take it down for you at no extra charge. Trade show booths help make your show successful. These can be custom made, bought ready made or simply rented.

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How To Succeed In Financial Market Trading

Markets often move remarkably quickly and this volatility especially in uncertain times can leave fresh traders with massive losses. There’s of course an admirable alternative in the form of financial fixed odds trading and more especially products like binary bets and binary options.

Even though they are moderately new to the world of trading they are now becoming recognized as a real and viable alternative to derivative products like spread betting and futures and below are a few key reasons why.

First of all products for example spread-betting or futures are potentially open to unlimited losses, hence the necessity for stoplosses. The trouble with this is that in volatile, or even fairly moderately moving markets, if your stop is hit your trade ends often with a significant loss. You will not want to put your stop too near to the current market action or too far away which is often a very complicated balance to hit.

With binary bets / binary options you don’t need to bother with stoplosses at all. Binary trading products care for any volatility as the total you earn or lose is known from the outset of the trade and cannot change. Yes let’s simply repeat that, it doesn’t matter how much the markets move against you as you can only lose the agreed amount.

Secondly binary bets and binary options need a much smaller account size, often a fraction of a leveraged account like a spread betting or futures account.

Thirdly these products can be applied to several leading world indices over time periods preferred by the trader. So a binary bet / binary option can be placed for a single day, a week or longer with indices such as the: FTSE 100, Dow Jones, Hang Seng, Australian Index to name just a few. They can similarly be applied to Forex, Commodity and Share markets. This makes them very versatile.

Finally binary trading products enable you trade per point like spread-betting and futures but without the higher risk as mentioned before.

If financial fixed odds trading and more especially binary bets and or binary options are something you wish to learn more about then please visit Elmtrader who provide learning and system products covering financial fixed odds products.

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The right way to Do away with Bank card Financial debt Rapidly – You must Go through These Simple a

The financial system is inside the toilet. Though the information everyday people say we are recovering, you might still really feel like we are in a recession. If you ever experience this way, you are not by yourself. Huge amounts of Americans are from do the trick and stressed with debt. On the surface it appears as if there is absolutely no clear way out, but appear somewhat deeper with me and we will find how you can get from financial debt quick and in turn alter your lifestyle for that more desirable.

To start with Action – The amount financial debt do you might have?

If you wish to see change, you might want to see in which you could have been. The initial action puts the ball with your court – Sit down and figure out simply how much debt you have got.

2nd Action – Cut back again and preserve hard earned cash

This is also known as a financial debt food plan. What you do here is glimpse more than each and every single expense as part of your existence which has a magnifying glass. Prioritize everything and make a decision what demands to stay and what can go.

3rd Action – Give attention to long term plans

Have you actually wondered why many people are far more effective and wealthy than other people? Solution.. Drum roll please! The secret is they focus on long term monetary ambitions. In place of making impulse buys and living with the moment, these men and women search way down the line and make selection by how they’re going to be affected years from now. Start thinking like this and you’ll see your banking account expand like insane!

Fourth Action – Financial debt Settlement Providers

I have chosen my Prime Recommendation for Having Guide Now. You can, certainly click to the hyperlink, enter your tips, and see your life alter for the more beneficial by getting from Financial debt Quick

Now you’ve got the knowledge and knowledge to obtain out of bank card financial debt. Be sure that you construct a plan to ensure you can get back on your feet even quicker.

Up coming, take a search at easy methods to get rid of credit card debt to ensure you’ll be able to see which piece with the puzzle that you are lacking in eliminating credit card debt.

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Paypal Money Generator 2014

Cultural & Social Variables

PayPal Money Generator 2014 has a large part with Us Lifestyle. A lot of people is usually observed taking part in activities associated with PayPal Money Generator 2014. This really is partly due to the fact individuals of all age range is usually required and also family members are generally brought collectively by simply this. Usually somebody who displays their dislike for PayPal Money Generator 2014 might be regarded a great outcast.

Financial Elements

It’s not at all typical training to link economics having PayPal Money Generator 2014. Generally, PayPal Money Generator 2014 can be considered to haven’t any relation to your financial situation, nevertheless at this time there are in reality a few effects. Your product sales marketplace associated with PayPal Money Generator 2014 is really a only two. 3 million greenback 1 year industry as well as growing on a yearly basis. The industry engages almost 150, 000 folks in the states on your own. It would be protected to convey that will PayPal Money Generator 2014 play a crucial position with American economics along with mustn’t be overlooked.

Environment Elements

Following a 3 month very long scientific study, I am capable to conclude which PayPal Money Generator 2014 isn’t going to negatively impact the environment whatsoever. A new PayPal Money Generator 2014 would not manage to lead to waste materials and also could hardly always be present in jungles, jungles, waters, wetlands, oceanic masses, etc… In fact, PayPal Money Generator 2014 made a number of results upon the lovely small mother nature.

Politics Aspects

Wow may PayPal Money Generator 2014 previously affect politics. A year ago 5 job hopefuls working regarding some type of location employed PayPal Money Generator 2014 because the major subject of their marketing campaign. An individual may well think PayPal Money Generator 2014 will be a poor subject to help steer a campaign together with, in simple fact using the sociable and also ecological effect can be features, this topic was able to acquire a large number of readers. Most of these 5 job hopefuls proceeded to go 4 with regard to 5 upon winning the opportunities.

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Tour Atlantas Federal Reserve Bank Monetary Museum

The Federal Reserve Bank in midtown Atlanta welcomes visitors who would like to tour its Monetary Museum and Visitor Center exhibits. Anyone who has ever wondered just what goes on in a Federal Reserve Bank will find the museum interesting and informative. The self guided tour chronicles the story of money from various forms of barter to modern day e-commerce. The museum also relates the history of banking in the U.S.

The Monetary Museum has interesting examples of what people through the centuries have used as barter, from wampum to Chinese shoe money to gold nuggets. There is an outstanding collection of historical monetary artifacts, including rare coins and currency from around the world as well as some Confederate money. Displays also include an actual gold bar worth $500,000 and a real $100,000 bill.

The Visitor Center has interactive touch screen exhibits which show the role of the Federal Reserve Bank in America. Multimedia exhibits and films explain how the Federal Reserve maintains the stability of the countrys financial system and the economy, and how the Federal Reserve regulates banks. The interactive Bankers Challenge game demonstrates how banks earn profits and manage risk. Through windows in the Federal Reserves cash processing center, visitors will be able to watch the process as robots and Federal Reserve personnel handle large amounts of cash. Millions of dollars are counted and sorted every day. Visitors will see how worn out currency is shredded, and watch as the cash bus goes back and forth all day. Even children will enjoy some of the interactive exhibits and the cash bus. Upon leaving the Visitor Center, guests are invited to take home an unusual free souvenir, a bag of shredded money.

The Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank is located at 1000 Peachtree Street NE. It is a hidden gem in midtown, just a five minute walk from the Midtown MARTA Station and across the street from the Margaret Mitchell House. One of the best things about the Federal Reserve Bank Museum is that admission is free. Visitors to the Federal Reserve Bank must pass through security before entering the building, and at least one adult in the party should have a photo ID. No cameras or bags are allowed, but free lockers are available. The Federal Reserve Bank is open Monday through Friday from 9am-4pm. The facility is not usually crowded, and the museum makes a great stop for people visiting downtown and midtown Atlantas other attractions.

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Tips To Start A Loan Modification Business – Start Within Days

Get ready to be a part of the most booming industry in today’s economy. As a loan modification consultant you can start making thousands of dollar while helping home owners lower their mortgage payment and save their homes. You can start from home or from your office with little or no investment. Here are some tips and steps you can take to start a loan modification business within few days.

First decide a name of your loan mod company. If you already have a business then you can use the same name. Go to your city county office for occupational licenses and permit. Fill out necessary forms. Pay registration fee.

Get a new phone line under your loan modification company name or use home phone number. Get a fax or sign up with a online fax service which will only cost you around ten dollar per month.

Open a business bank account with your local bank.

Next Step is to get all the knowledge you can about home loan modification.

Next step is to spread the word about your new service. Tell all your friends, family members and neighbors of your new mortgage modification service.

Beside these steps there are few other things you will have to learn. For example how to know if the client will qualify for mortgage modification? What are the lenders loan modification guidelines? How much fee should I charge my client? How can I accept upfront fee? What types of forms are required to submit to the lender?

After learning most of the above information you should be able to start up your own loan modification business without have any obstacle come on your way. Before you get started in the mortgage restructure business, you need to research all of the different aspects of the industry, just to be sure you understand what you’re getting into.

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Mortgage Broker for Ease in Financial Processes

Purchasing real estate is one of the most complicated endeavors that families and businesses undertake. Other than real estate, a number of financial situations are there regarding which taking decision is not that easy or simple. Any mistake, doubt or negligence can make one to suffer from serious financial issues.

Considering the problems which one may face due to lack of inappropriate knowledge and information on financing industry and processes, acquiring assistance from professional mortgage brokers is profitable. A very crucial role is played by mortgage service providers. Through this article, we’ll come to know in detail what they exactly do towards making mortgage process more approachable for the clients.

Discussing specifics of property The experts meet with the clients to discuss the specifics and finances involved with the desired property. This discussion helps them in analyzing various mortgage options and make recommendations on the basis of length, interest rate type, base rate amount and much more. By making use of mortgage calculator they get exact idea of all the amounts concerned with a particular investment plan. Adding to it, the calculations help in coming to the point how much money a client can invest on the purchase.

Trained in financial advising The lending specialists are known to interact directly with leading lenders on behalf of the clients. They discuss each and every point with the lender to make the purchase as much easier for the individuals. They are responsible enough to handle large financial transactions as they are known to be trained in financial advising.

Expertise & specialties Most of the lending firms can be seen offering services to a limited geographical area. Some are known to offer advises and services related to residential mortgage while some can be seen offering services and advices related to corporate investment processes. With expertise and specialties, they work to fulfill demands of the clients while considering specific concerns.

Mortgage services analyze paperwork Researching different plans and policies of various lenders is one of the major roles of professional lenders. Next to it, the service providers are known to analyze paperwork, pass to different professionals in the financing industry for final approval. The firms work with the objective to serve the clients throughout the process related to varied services like refinancing, debt consolidation, purchase, and renewal and customized solutions for first time home buyers, real estate investors, self-employed individuals, and much more.

Hence, through the above discussions it can be said that experienced mortgage brokers through their expertise, knowledge, contacts and use of mortgage calculator offer ideal financial solutions to the individuals.

Lending Experts as a professional mortgage broker offer best rate policy and expert advice based customized mortgage services in Burnaby, BC.

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Pit Bike Modification

These bikes have some very restrictive parts fitted when standard and therefore the first move is to try to remove these parts for better ones. The carburettors and air filters on these bikes mean that fuel and air supply to the engine are limited and therefore the ride will not be as smooth or as powerful because of this.

The first thing to do then is to buy a new race carb, these can be purchased off some websites for around 40-50, this is quite cheap considering the gain in performance it could achieve. After this has been fitted it is a good idea to derestrict the airflow with a free flow air filter (K&N style). This will add extra horsepower to your pit bike and give a great performance boost.

The next part which I would change would be the exhaust and manifold, which are again very restrictive to the engines of these bikes. A performance exhaust can be found on some sites for around 50 but can also retail at a few hundred pounds so be sure to shop around first.

Once these modifications have been made there will be a great power difference increasing low and mid range power as well as top end.

However there is still more to do in order to get the most out of your pit bike, in pit bikes the CDI unit is often restricted. The limiter on these are usually set around 8,500 rpm which means you will not be getting the most out of your bike if this is left standard.

A performance CDI unit can be purchased for these bikes which will mean that these bikes can now rev freely up to about 10,000 rpm which will mean smoother power curves and better acceleration and top end.

Adjustments can be made to the gearing of these bikes as well, in order for you to adjust this depending on the style of track you will be riding on. The best thing to do to change the gearing of the bike is to experiment with the set up of the sprockets. Standard sprockets are usually 14 tooth on the front, with a 37-40 tooth sprocket on the back.

Changing the front sprocket with a larger one will result in better top end, and a smaller rear sprocket will have the same effect, however acceleration will be lost when top end is gained and vice versa.

For more information on modifying pit bikes, or for details of parts for sale which will increase the power of your pit bike then visit www.minimotosgo.com and take a look for yourself.

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Why Online Business Entrepreneurs Needs to Choose Reliable Web Host

These days you will find many reliable web hosting providers. Even a person can sell practically anything on the web. The actual reason behind this is, technology has developed significantly in recent years and provides the best services. And the continuous innovation in web hosting technology open the door for many opportunities in online business.

However, today’s entrepreneurs mostly demands inbuilt system integration, secure technology infrastructure, automation, etc. So today’s new generation entrepreneur view has more focused on technology and support services and it is ideal for rapidly increasing economies.

Today delivering enterprise level IT solutions to entrepreneurs of all sizes in proper time is a major task for all the hosting companies. Therefore web hosting companies must be committed to make the whole website hosting experience as simple as possible, including server set-up. Also they to need provide user friendly billing cycle process as simple as the purchase process.

Choosing the right web hosting company is important because it can make or break your business. If you choose reliable Web Hosting company, you will surely enjoy many advantages. In addition, these days the cost of bandwidth is inexpensive as well. This will give you lead in business to stay longer period. Another thing is a hard disk capacity. It is always good to have some more, therefore make sure you purchase sufficient amount of web space for the Website.

If you choose a wrong web hosting provider and his technical support is terrible, problems can occur, especially if you have the videos or pictures, because it will take more time to load them up so it can be possible that you will lose your potential customers and visitors. Loss of profits is unavoidable if the server is down for long time since customers will certainly look for another online store.

However, each web hosting provider is different from one another; even the pricing, and services are vary from one another. Therefore, do some research before making any decision; try to evaluate each and every option as possible. The success of a company site is dependent on the reliability of the web hosting company, so this should be taken into account.

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New Regulatory Body Set To Transform Britains Wine Investment Industry

NFIB and WIA to Provide Better Protection for Wine Investors

Millions of Britons enjoy drinking it and many now see it as a long-term investment. Unfortunately, fine wine has also become a focus for fraudsters who trick investors into buying wines or vineyards that bear little resemblance to what they see in the prospectus, or may not even exist. The increasing number of such rorts in Britain has led to calls for action to be taken to protect investors and to increase consumer confidence in fine wines. In the upshot, the UKs National Fraud Intelligence Bureau (NFIB) is joining forces with the newly-formed Wine Investment Association (WIA) to tackle the problem.

On 14 February 2013, the NFIB and the WIA jointly announced the launch of the new self-regulatory body which will aim to transform the growing wine investment industry by providing better protection for investors in the UK. The WIA has been formed by leading figures from the fine wine investment industry and seeks to support the sector’s growth through voluntary regulation, establishing best practices and setting up processes to identify fraudulent activity.

Director of the NFIB, Det. Supt. Dave Clark, said: “Fraudsters will always follow the money, wine investment is just the latest in a long line of investment opportunities that are being exploited and corrupted to the detriment of the industry as a whole. He added that the NFIB sees the creation of an auditable framework of self-regulation as a step towards maintaining and increasing consumer confidence, while also identifying investment companies which do not operate in accordance with the required high standards.

New Code to Tackle Wine Investment Frauds

Following an extensive consultation period, the WIA has set out the standards and procedures with which its members must comply to remain in good standing. Under the new code of conduct to be drawn up, wine investment firms will undergo stringent audits by accountancy firm Mazars. These will include checks on systems such as stock rotation and to make sure that purchase orders and invoices tally. The director of the WIA, Peter Shakeshaft, revealed that companies which successfully complete the independent audit process commissioned by the newly-formed regulatory body will bear a WIA logo offering consumers a trustworthy safety kitemark. Shakeshaft added: Our industry has been held back far too long by unscrupulous practitioners and issues around fraud. The WIA will really hold the industry to account.

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The Lowdown on the Orchard Bank Secured Credit Card

When your credit history is proving to be a hindrance to your financial well-being, perhaps it is time for you to get a secured credit card. One of the cards worth your consideration would be the Orchard Bank MasterCard secured card issued by the HSBC Bank of Nevada.

This card targets customers with poor or limited credit ratings, and aids them towards improving their credit histories. A secured credit card works by requiring the card holder to deposit cash into their credit card account prior to utilization. This way, this credit card prevents its card owners from incurring more debt whilst helping them re-establish their credit history.

An additional advantage unique to this card is that the deposits in the account are paid interests by the bank. In the effort to establish a healthy credit rating, customers must bear in mind that late payments must be avoided, and they have to be aware of the current annual percentage rate for the card as the APR of the Orchard Bank Secured Credit card is based on a variable rate. Although, the regular rate now stands at 15.90%, the actual rate is dependent on the Prime Rate. APRs for cash advances are higher than most cards at 23.40%, with a minimum rate of 19.99%.

Interestingly enough, the annual fees for the Orchard Bank Secured Credit Card is lower than other most unsecured credit cards. Balances above $1000 will only incur fees of $35 whilst card holders who have charged more than their credit limits will only be charged only $29. Also, there are periodic reviews of the credit limit for each account, so regular payments will enable the card holder to obtain higher credit limits and at the same time improving their credit history.

Finally, the Orchard Bank secured credit card also offers a lot of perks not evident in other competing credit cards. These would include Internet services, emergency replacements for stolen cards as well as numerous protection services against fraud and identity theft.

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The Hottest Gold Investment Strategy Available Today

Buying gold is an investment strategy which, in this current bear market, is unlikely to fail to make a real return on your investment and safeguard your personal wealth against ever rising inflation, but perhaps the hottest gold investment strategy available to private and institutional investors is certified gold coins.

Certified gold coins as a gold investment strategy are pretty much the same as gold bullion bars with one exception; the rarity and scarcity value which is placed upon them because they are highly prized collectors items. It is the collectible value which tends to make them more expensive than bullion bars and harder to come by. A gold investment which comprises bullion bars and bullion coins is a wise investment, simply because the spread is wider and when it comes to selling and retrieving some of your gold investment and turning it into liquid assets it is sometimes easier to sell gold coins on the market because of their rarity and scarcity, and of course this can and does push the price over and above gold bullion bars.

Making a gold investment is something people have committed themselves to over the centuries and certainly there is documented evidence dating back some ten thousand years of gold ornaments and trinkets being gathered together as a safe haven for someones wealth and a protection against the then documented political unrest of the time.

The economy is in a precarious state which is reflected in the US dollars continuing devaluation and the gold bear market, which is now 12 years long and shows no sign of slowing. For investors in gold bullion products, just like in the distant past it is a safe and tangible asset to hold.

The modern era of gold investment and the free gold exchange began in the late dark days of 1974 when a little political skulduggery legalized the ownership of gold in private investors hands for the first time in well over four decades. Although it started with a trickle at first, the floodgates were well and truly opened, and by 1990 the entire gold and silver bullion and certified coin dealing business had become a bit of a feeding frenzy. Many investors got their fingers burned through lack of knowledge of this particular market and there were some really vicious sharks waiting to eat alive the unsuspecting punter and investor.

Fortunately all of that changed with the inception of the Certified Gold Exchange which from day one of trading earned and has kept a continuous A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau, serving only to offer investors an honest and level platform for gold investment advice and a place where honest above board deals can be conducted.

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The Federal Trade Commission has finalized a policy statement clarifying that the agency will not

The Federal Trade Commission has finalized a policy statement clarifying that the agency will not take enforcement action under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) or the FTC Act against companies that are attempting to collect the debts of deceased consumers, if the companies communicate with someone who is authorized to pay debts from the estate of the deceased.

The policy statement also emphasizes that debt collectors may not mislead relatives to believe that they are personally liable for a deceased consumer’s debts, or use other deceptive or abusive tactics. Family members typically are not obligated to pay the debts of a deceased relative from their own assets. The FDCPA limits whom debt collectors may contact after a loved one has died to people such as the deceased person’s spouse and the executor or administrator of the deceased person’s estate.

Since the FDCPA was enacted in 1977, state probate laws have changed, and now, less formal procedures often govern the appointment or selection of those who are responsible for the disposition of the estate. In many instances, there may be no formal executor or administrator of an estate. In the enforcement policy statement issued today, the Commission seeks to reconcile the FDCPA’s requirements with current trends in state probate law.

In keeping with the FTC’s October 2010 proposed policy statement the final policy statement specifies that the agency will not take law enforcement action under the FDCPA if a debt collector communicates about a deceased person’s debts with that person’s spouse, the executor or administrator of the deceased person’s estate, or anyone else who is authorized to pay the debts from assets in the estate. The final policy statement also: Describes how debt collectors may communicate with family members and others to locate someone who is authorized to pay the deceased person’s debts from the estate, and specifies that collectors may not mislead individuals into believing that they have the authority to pay the decedent’s debts when they do not. Specifies that, in seeking to locate someone who is authorized to pay the deceased person’s debts from the estate, collectors may not reveal or refer to the debts, but may say they wish to discuss payment of the deceased person’s bills. States that in keeping with the FDCPA’s prohibition on unfair, deceptive, or abusive collection practices, debt collectors may not contact family members and others at unusual or inconvenient times or places. Emphasizes that, in communicating with someone who is authorized to pay the debts from assets of the deceased person’s estate, collectors must avoid creating the misleading impression that the individual is personally liable or could be required to pay using his or her own assets, or assets held jointly with the deceased person.